Who Invented the Heating Pads? [When, Where & How]

An interesting story is hidden behind the invention of the heating pads. If you’ve ever wondered who invented the heating pad, this article will provide the right answer.

The first heating pad was invented in 1911 by Earl Richardson, who was trying to develop a product that would help treat his wife’s sore muscles. He developed a rubber-lined pad filled with water and sealed at both ends. The water heated up when the pad was plugged into an electrical outlet.

This topic will be covered in more detail in the rest of the article. After you read it, you’ll have a better understanding.

Also read: Who invented lotion and where?

Who Invented the Heating Pads and Why?

who invented heating pad

Earl Richardson is the one who invented therapy heating pads. Richardson was a Canadian electrical engineer who created an electrically heated pad to treat muscle aches and pains.

He filed a patent for his invention in 1911, but he never manufactured it commercially.

Richardson’s heating pad was the first of its kind. It had a silk covering over a sponge filled with water that was heated by an electric pad underneath.

The pad was placed on the affected area, and the heat penetrated through the body and warmed up the muscles.

Richardson, the inventor of heating pad, and his wife, Anna, were in their 70s when they had an idea for a new machine that would heat up water and then send it through a tube to warm up a person’s body.

They thought it would be great for people with arthritis who needed some extra warmth.

They worked on their idea for years but didn’t have the money or resources to get it off the ground until they finally took out a loan from their local bank in 1959.

Earl Richardson Heating Pad

The heating pad was invented by Earl Richardson in 1911.

The heating pad was initially used to help people with arthritis, but it soon became popular as a way to warm up the body before going to bed.

The first heating pads were made of water and would be placed in a bucket of water so that they could be heated up in a bucket of boiling water on the stove.

As technology advanced, so did the heating pads. Nowadays, most people have an electric heating pad that can be plugged into an outlet or run off batteries.

Who Invented the Electric Heating Pad?

The electric heating pad was invented by Edward P. Russell in 1959.

He was working for the General Electric Corporation, and his invention was a result of his frustration with how difficult it was to make a heating pad that would stay warm for longer than an hour or two.

He had previously worked on other projects in the field of electrical heating, so he knew that there were many different ways to generate heat through electricity.

He decided to use an electric blanket as a model, but instead of using wires and metal strips embedded in fabric as conductors

He used thin plastic films with holes cut out of them.

What Are Electric Heating Pads Made Of?

Electric heating pads are made of a number of different materials, but the most common is foam.

Foam is a good choice because it’s soft and comfortable, while still being durable enough to last for years.

The other main ingredient in a heating pad is the wires that run through it.

These wires carry electricity from the plug to your body, allowing you to use your heating pad.

Who Invented Chemical Heating Pad?

Throughout history heat therapy has been an esteemed and beneficial thing. If we know who invented the heating pads, the chemical version was created by Dr. John D. Williams in 1978.

The chemical heating pad is a device that is used to provide heat therapy sessions for pain relief and relaxation.

It works by applying heat to the affected area with a chemical reaction between two chemicals contained within the pad.

It is made of a fabric covered in chemicals that heat up when exposed to water and activate the chemical reaction that makes them heat up.

The chemicals are activated when they come into contact with the skin or other moist tissue, so it’s important to make sure you follow all instructions carefully.

When and Where Was the Heating Pad Invented?

If you want to find out when was heating pad invented, you have to go back to the period before the Great war. It actually happened in Canada.

The heating pad was invented by Earl Richardson, who lived in Ontario, Canada.

He patented his invention in 1911 and began making regular heating pads for people who had arthritis.

He made these pads out of flannel and filled them with wheat chaff (which was a popular filler at that time).

What Is a Heating Pad Used For?

Heating pads are used by millions of people each year for a variety of health conditions.

The most common heating pad usage includes:

  • Back pain – Heat helps relieve back pain by relaxing tense muscles and increasing blood flow to improve circulation.
  • Neck pain – Heat can help ease neck pain by reducing muscle spasms and increasing blood flow to the painful area.
  • Menstrual pain – Applying heat can reduce the severity of menstrual cramps by increasing blood flow to the uterus and relaxing tense muscles in this area.
  • Pain following an injury – Using heat may help relieve pain by encouraging blood flow to injured areas and reducing swelling caused by damaged tissue.

Types Of Homemade Heating Pad

There are 3 common types of heating pads you can prepare at your home:

  1. Heat pack – Heat packs are made from flammable substances that are activated by water or heat.

The most popular homemade heat pack is a dryer sheet wrapped around an ice cube or wet towel and secured with tape.

  • Rice heat pack – Rice heat packs are created by filling a microwavable pillowcase or sock with uncooked rice or beans and using it as a hot water bottle replacement.
  • A hot water bottle – A hot water bottle is another type of homemade heating pad that works well for temporarily providing relief from muscle aches and pains.

Homemade Heating Pad with Rice

The rice is heated in the microwave and then wrapped around the area that needs to be treated.

The heat from the rice will help muscles heat therapy and reduce inflammation. 

It is a cheap and easy way to make your own heating pad. But, this type of heating pad has its own limitations as well as advantages.

The disadvantage is that rice does not provide even heat throughout the entire pad. Moreover, it can get very hot in some areas, which may cause burns if not properly used.

Homemade Heating Pad Without Microwave

The most common type of homemade heating pad is a hot water bottle. Water is heated in a pot, then poured into a plastic bottle.

The bottle is sealed with a cork or plug and then wrapped in an insulating cover to prevent it from cooling off too quickly.

This type of heating pad is very easy to make, but there are some drawbacks:

It takes time for the water to heat up enough to provide significant warmth. In addition, the water needs to be refilled every few hours as it cools down.

Is It Safe to Microwave a Heating Pad?

The short answer is yes, it’s safe to microwave a heating pad. But you should be aware of some potential risks.

Heating pads are designed to be used with water, so they can get very hot and burn you if you put them in the microwave.

You also need to take special care not to spill any water on your heating pad when you put it in the microwave.

Homemade Heating Pad with Water Bottle

Do you have a painful muscle injury, or just need a little extra warmth? Here’s how to make your own heating pad for any kind of pain.

First, fill a water bottle with hot water. Then place it in between two towels.

Place the towel-wrapped water bottle on a chair or couch and put the other towel on top of you so that only your body is in contact with the towel above the water bottle.

Homemade Heating Pad Without Rice

Rice is a great material to use for homemade heating pads. It’s cheap, it’s easy to find and it’s pretty absorbent as well.

However, other materials can be used instead of rice for homemade heating pads:

  • Quilting batting – Quilting batting is an alternative to rice for making homemade heating pads. It has a similar texture to rice and it can be easily folded in a ziplock bag or pillowcase.
  • Silk fiber – Silk fiber is another good choice if you do want to create your own heating pad without using rice as an alternative material. 

Homemade Heating Pad With Beans

This homemade bean heating pad is eco-friendly and easy to make, so it’s perfect for people who want to save money and reduce their carbon footprint.

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • A sock (or other fabric rectangles)
  • Beans (your choice of colors)
  • A few drops of essential oil (optional)

How to make it:

  1. Pour your beans into the sock and tie a knot in the end or stitch the opening of your fabric rectangle closed.

For an aromatherapy element, you can add a few drops of essential oil.

  1. Heat it or cool it: If you want to use it as a cold pack, just stash it in the freezer.

Homemade Heating Pad for Cramps

If you’re up for some DIY projects, you can easily make a homemade heating pad for cramps.

What You Need:

  • A clean, used sock. (clean it very well)
  • Uncooked rice, corn barley, or oatmeal
  • A microwave

How to make it:

  1. Half-fill the sock with uncooked rice, some corn barley, and oats. Wrap or stitch it together.
  2. Microwave it for 60 -120 seconds on maximum power. until it is warm but not hot. Be careful not to burn yourself!

Always test a heating pad on the inside of the arm before putting it in the problematic region to avoid burns.

Plastic Heating Pad

Plastic heating pads can be used in the microwave for quick heat up, and they retain heat better than other types of heating pads.

They’re also cheaper than other options, so if you’re on a budget, this is indeed a great option for you.

Plastic heating pads are also easy to clean – you just wipe them down with a damp cloth or put them in the dishwasher between uses.

So if you need an inexpensive way to stay warm this winter, consider getting yourself one of these!

What Is a Moist Heating Pad?

A heating pad that uses water to dampen the pad before placement on the skin is called a moist heating pad.

This type of heating pad can reach very high temperatures and is often used by physical therapists for heat therapy.

However, burns can happen easily if you’re not careful – so it’s best not to use this type of heating pad at home.

A moist heating pad is a type of heat therapy that uses water to provide relief from aches and pains.

It works by using a thin layer of water to create a moist surface that gently heats up when you turn it on.

Moist heat is especially useful in treating pain related to muscle strain and tension which results in muscle spasms.

The moist heat helps to relax the muscles and relieve pain without causing further damage, while also providing soothing warmth.

How Does a Moist Heating Pad Work?

A moist heating pad is a device that uses water to heat up and then cool down, which helps with pain management.

The pad has two sides: one that’s covered in gel, which holds the heat in, and one that’s covered in cotton, which holds the coolness in.

You can use this pad with either side facing up, depending on what you need at the time.

How Do You Make a Moist Heating Pad? 

Making your own heating pad is easy and inexpensive. You can do it in 3 easy steps:

  1. Take a clean dish towel or washcloth, and fold it in half. Place your heating pad on top of the cloth, and then fold the cloth over the heating pad.
  2. Pour water into a bowl, and soak the cloth until it’s completely saturated.
  3. Lay the damp cloth on top of your heating pad—the heat from the pad will help it dry faster as well!

History of Heating Pad 

Heating pads have evolved from simple hand-warmer type devices to sophisticated, computerized devices.

It can provide a range of different heating options including heat, cold and vibrating massage modes.

In 1900, Earl Richardson began work as a meter reader for the Ontario Power Company in Ontario, California.

But he spent his spare time experimenting with ways to use electricity to heat household items. Eleven years later he invented modern-day heating pads.

His first invention was the electric flat iron and then an electric blanket. Now you also know the person who invented the heating pads.

He was inspired by the idea of using electricity to heat up a flat iron and thought it might make a good heating pad.

He went on to invent several other devices that used electricity, such as an electric blanket and an electric mattress.


In the section below you’ll find some of the most common questions related to the invention of heating pads and answers to them.

Why can’t you lay on a heating pad?

The reason why you can’t lay on a heating pad for too long is because of the risk of burns. While minor burns might not seem like a big deal, they can lead to serious health issues if they’re left untreated.

How often do heating pads catch on fire?

Fires caused by heating pads and electric blankets occur 500 times a year, according to the Electrical Safety Foundation International.

What were heating pads made for?

Heating pads muscle make warm but they can also be used for many other purposes.

How do heating pads get hot?

Heat pads contain a sealed disc that heats when it’s clicked. When the disc is pressed, it pushes the liquid through tiny holes in the disc, causing the liquid to heat up faster than if it were heated on its own.

Are old heating pads safe?

Though many older models of electrical heating pads are still available, newer models tend to be safer. They turn off automatically if the temperature gets too high, preventing fires.

How many times a day can I use a heating pad?

You may apply a heating pad to your area up to three times a day, but no longer than 15 minutes at a time. Place a layer of towels between the heating pad and your skin to prevent burns.

What’s inside the heating pad?

The material included within the heat pad is a salt hydrate which remains liquid lower than its freezing point.


In summary, the heating pad is a novel idea that will help you in a lot of situations. It’s a useful gadget to have around.

Just make sure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions and don’t leave it on for too long.

Also, if you’re willing to share your experience and information about who invented the heating pads, feel free to leave a comment, I’m looking forward to it.